"Official" and "private" parks of the XVIII–XIX centuries through the prism of general landscape trends of the time
Keywords:Oleksandriia Park, Sofiivka Park, , landscape trends, Baroque, Classicism, Historicism-Romanticism
The article analyzes the basic principles of landscape design of the imperial and aristocratic parks in the Russian Empire in the XVIII–XIX centuries. There were "official" parks designed to be visited by high-ranking guests, and "private" parks, which were not covered by the canons of the "official" park. In the Tsarskoye Selo imperial residence Catherine's Park performed the function of "official" with the appropriate function of pomp, and located next to it Alexander's Park – respectively, the function of "private" imperial park. Catherine's Park became a model to follow one of the most famous parks in modern Ukraine – Oleksandriia Park in the city of Bila Tserkva. The common and different between Tsarskoye Selo park residence and aristocratic parks in Ukraine are analyzed, the principles of planning of these parks and the main constituent elements are compared. Based on this, the basic principles of planning parks of the Classicism and Empire style era in Ukraine and the "iconic" set of pavilions are determined. The general canons of the "Ossian Park" and their specific embodiment are analyzed on the example of Sofiivka Park in Uman. It was determined that the "Ossian Park" based on the canons is opposite to the parks of Classicism-Empire style. The methods of historical and culturological analysis, method of comparative analysis, method of field surveys used.
Chernyshev, D., Ivashko, Yu., Kuśnierz-Krupa, D., Dmytrenko, A. Role of Natural Landscape in Perception of Ukrainian Sacral Architecture Monuments. Landscape architecture. Scientific Journal of Latvia University of Agriculture, 2020, vol. 17, No. 17, р.13 – 21.
Ivashko, Yu., Chang, P., Dmytrenko, A., Kozłowski, T., Mykhailovskyi, D. Influence of Structural Schemes on the Shaping of Historical Wooden Buildings: On the Examples of TraditionalChinese Pavilions, Pavilions of the Chinoiserie Style and UkrainianWooden Churches. Wiadomości Konserwatorskie – Journal of Heritage Conservation, 2021, No. 67, p. 49 – 60.
Ivashko, Yu., Chang, P., Zueva, P., Ding Y., Kuzmenko, T. Continuity of traditions and innovation in modern landscape design in China. Landscape architecture and Art. Scientific Journal of Latvia University of Agriculture, 2021, vol. 18, No. 18, р. 94 – 103.
Ivashko, Yu., Chernyshev, D., Chang, P. Functional and figurative and compositional features of traditional Chinese pavilions. Wiadomości Konserwatorskie – Journal of Heritage Conservation, 2020, No. 61, p. 60 – 66.
Ivashko, Yu., Gryglewski, P., Chernyshev, D., Chang, P., Dmytrenko, A. Art as a message realized through various means of artistic expression. Art Inquiry. Recherches sur les arts, 2020, vol. XXII, p. 57 – 88.
Ivashko, Yu., Kuśnierz-Krupa, D., Chang, P. History of origin and development, compositional and morphological features of park pavilions in Ancient China. Landscape architecture. Scientific Journal of Latvia University of Agriculture, 2020, vol. 15, No. 15, р.78 – 85.
Ivashko, Yu., Kuzmenko, T., Li S., Chang, P. The influence of the natural environment on the transformation of architectural style. Landscape architecture. Scientific Journal of Latvia University of Agriculture. 2020, vol. 15, No. 15, р.101 – 108.
Косенко, I.С. Дендрологічний парк «Софіївка». Умань, 2003. (Kosenko I.S. Dendrological Park "Sofiivka". Uman, 2003.)
Orlenko, M., Dyomin, М., Ivashko, Y., Dmytrenko, A., Chang, P. Rational and Aesthetic Principles of Form-Making in Traditional Chinese Architecture as the Basis of Restoration Activities. International Journal of Conservation Science, 2020, vol. 11, issue 2, p. 499 – 512
Orlenko, M., Ivashko, Y., Chang, P., Ding, Y., Krupa, M., Kusnierz, K., Sandu, I.G. The Specificity of the Restoration and Monument Protective Measures for the Preservation of Historical Chinese Gardens. International journal of conservation science, 2021, vol. 12, issue 3, p. 1003 – 1026.
Петров, А.Н. Город Пушкин. Дворцы и парки. Ленинград: Искусство, 1977, с. 88 – 144. (Petrov A.N. The city of Pushkin. Palaces and parks. Leningrad: Iskusstvo, 1977, p. 88 – 144.)
Родичкин, И.Д., Родичкина, О.И., Гринчак, И.Л., Сергеев, В.С., Фещенко, П.И. Сады, парки и заповедники Украинской ССР: Заповедная природа. Преобразованный ландшафт. Садово-парковое искусство. Киев: Будівельник, 1985. (Rodichkin I.D., Rodichkina O.I., Hrynchak I.L., Sergeev V.S., Feshchenko P.I. Gardens, parks and reserves of the Ukrainian SSR: Protected nature. Transformed landscape. Landscape art. Kyiv: Budivelnyk, 1985.)
Туманова, Н.Е. Екатерининский парк: История развития и методика восстановления. Санкт-Петербург: Стройиздат-СПБ, 1997. (Tumanova N.E. Catherine's Park: History of development and methods of restoration. Saint-Petersburg: Stroyizdat-SPB, 1997.)
Żychowska, M, Ivashko, Y., Chang, P., Dmytrenko, A., Kulichenko, N., Xin, Mu Z. The influence of traditional Chinese landscape architecture on the image of small architectural forms in Europe. Landscape architecture and Art. Scientific Journal of Latvia University of Agriculture, 2021, vol. 18, No. 18, р. 59 – 68.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Landscape Architecture and Art
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.