Identity of historical areas of a city: interaction between nature and man


  • Dalia Dijokienė Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
  • Aurelija Paškauskienė Division of Urban planning and Architecture, Vilnius City Municipality



natural environment, man made environment, urban identity, historical suburbs, Vilnius


The article discusses the preservation of urban peculiarity, visual uniqueness and cultural identity in the world affected by globalisation processes. First of all, the urban identity as such is discussed, a study of literary sources helps identify factors that shape urban identity. Tangible and intangible factors are distinguished. Second, in order to reveal the problems of identification and fostering of the identity of historical parts of cities and to verify the urban identity shaping methodology described in this article, historical suburbs of Vilnius in the southeast part of the Old Town are analysed in detail. The performed research of peculiarities of the urban fabric of the historical suburbs has showed very vividly that both the man made physical environment and the features of the natural environment present are significant for urban identity. In the studied suburbs, expressive terrain, also a river and its valley play a significant role for the formation and identity of a place. Man made built-up, ensembles, street routes and even the built-up function adapted to natural conditions. The close interaction between natural conditions and human activities has led to the identity of these historical territories. It is noted that urban identity should not be perceived as unchanging – it is a process that is shaped rather deliberately. Urban design, architecture and landscape architecture are activities that help create urban identity.

Author Biographies

Dalia Dijokienė, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University

Architect and urban designer. Doctor of Science (Humanities, Art Criticism, Architecture), Professor, Head of the Department of Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Trakų str. 1, LT-01132 Vilnius, Lithuania.

Aurelija Paškauskienė, Division of Urban planning and Architecture, Vilnius City Municipality

Architect and urban designer. Division of Urban Planning and Architecture, Vilnius City Municipality, Konstitucijos av. 3, LT-09601, Vilnius, Lithuania.


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How to Cite

Dijokienė, D., & Paškauskienė, A. (2022). Identity of historical areas of a city: interaction between nature and man. Landscape Architecture and Art, 20(20), 7–17.