A traditional Japanese garden and its lessons for modern times


  • Yang Ding Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture
  • Polina Zueva Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy)
  • Indre Grazuleviciute-Vileniske Kaunas University of Technology
  • Hanna Yablonska Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture
  • Marek Początko Cracow University of Technology




Japanese garden, Chinese garden, influence, features, experience for modernity


The study focuses on the origins and characteristics of traditional Japanese landscape design and its features. A comparative analysis of historical Chinese and Japanese horticultural traditions is carried out, as a result of which it is proved that in both cases the basis was religious syncretism with regional characteristics. A comparative analysis of Chinese and Japanese gardens has shown how, over time, they drifted further and further from each other, the Chinese garden continued to improve its hedonistic orientation, while the Japanese garden followed the path of maximum asceticism, the aesthetics of empty space, symbolism, that is, which helped maximize concentration and self-contemplation.

Author Biographies

Yang Ding, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture

Post-graduate student, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, 31, Povitroflotskyi Avenue, Kyiv, Ukraine. E−mail: ddyy123wanan@gmail.com

Polina Zueva, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy)

An urbanist and landscape architect. PhD, Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor. Department of Soviet and Contemporary Foreign Architecture, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), MARKHI, 11 Rozhdestvenka Street, 107031 Moscow, Russia. E−mail: ppzueva@mail.ru

Indre Grazuleviciute-Vileniske, Kaunas University of Technology

dr.; Associated Professor; Kaunas University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Studentu st. 48, LT−51367 Kaunas, Lithuania. E−mail: indre.grazuleviciute@ktu.lt

Hanna Yablonska, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture

dr. Professor of the Department of Information Technologies in Architecture, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, 31, Povitroflotskyi Avenue, Kyiv, Ukraine. E−mail: yablonskaya.a@gmail.com

Marek Początko, Cracow University of Technology

Ph.D. Arch., Adiunct at Chair of Architectural Design, Cracow University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture, ul. Podchorążych, 1, Kraków, 30-084, Poland. E−mail: marek.poczatko@pk.edu.pl


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How to Cite

Ding, Y., Zueva, P., Grazuleviciute-Vileniske, I., Yablonska, H., & Początko, M. (2021). A traditional Japanese garden and its lessons for modern times. Landscape Architecture and Art, 19(19), 85–97. https://doi.org/10.22616/j.landarchart.2021.19.08