Characterizing sustainability aesthetics of buildings and environments: methodological frame and pilot application to the hybrid environments


  • Aurelija Daugelaite Kaunas University of Technology
  • Huriye Armagan Dogan Kaunas University of Technology
  • Indre Grazuleviciute-Vileniske Kaunas University of Technology



sustainability aesthetics, hybrid environments, biophilic design, regenerative design, genius loci


Growing environmental awareness and emerging design and performance requirements related with the implementation of sustainability goals inevitably have an influence on construction, architecture, urban design and the development of our built environment in general. This influence is reflected both in the increasingly efficient ecological performance of built structures and the growing array of related technologies, and in the aesthetic expression of these environmentally conscious designs. The aesthetic expression of sustainability concept and values is sometimes referred to as sustainability aesthetics. The aim of this research is to develop and test a methodological framework for characterizing the sustainability aesthetics of the built environments. The elaborated methodological framework integrates biophilic design, sustainability aesthetics, regenerative design and genius loci as the most promising approaches, allowing the integration of human and environmental concerns. To test the framework, we selected historic built environments that reflect long-lasting sustainable co-existence between humans and their environment and represent hybrid characteristics of both architectural and urban space. One of the purposes selecting these environments for the case study was to determine the features of an organically evolved sustainability aesthetics that could become a valuable source of inspiration for architectural design and management of the built environments.

Author Biographies

Aurelija Daugelaite, Kaunas University of Technology

PhD student; Kaunas University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Studentu st. 48, LT-51367 Kaunas, Lithuania. E–mail:

Huriye Armagan Dogan, Kaunas University of Technology

Dr.; scientific researcher; Kaunas University of Technology, Institute of Architecture and Construction, Tunelio st. 60, LT-44405 Kaunas, Lithuania;

Indre Grazuleviciute-Vileniske, Kaunas University of Technology

dr.; associated professor; Kaunas University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Studentu st. 48, LT-51367 Kaunas, Lithuania. E–mail:


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How to Cite

Daugelaite, A., Dogan, H. A., & Grazuleviciute-Vileniske, I. (2021). Characterizing sustainability aesthetics of buildings and environments: methodological frame and pilot application to the hybrid environments. Landscape Architecture and Art, 19(19), 61–72.